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Energy performance certificates (EPCs) give potential buyers and landlords an upfront look at how energy efficient your property is, how it can be improved and how much money this could save.
EPCs for homes were first introduced in 2007 as part of home information packs (Hips) for home sellers. Hips were scrapped in 2010, but if you're selling or renting your house you're still legally required to have an EPC in place.

You must have at least commissioned the energy performance certificate when you put your home on the market and can arrange it through your estate agent or directly with an EPC provider.

EPCs were also introduced to the rental market in 2008. In most cases, landlords marketing their properties for rent must have an EPC available for prospective tenants to view or risk a fine.


EPC Guide

If you are a planning to let or buy a property you will need to provide your potential buyer tenants with an Energy Performance Certificate.

This guide explains your legal obligations, how to obtain an EPC and how they could benefit your letting and buying strategy.
This guide will cover:
  • What is an EPC?
  • Why EPCs were introduced
  • What an EPC tells you
  • EPCs – information for landlords
  • How to improve a property's energy efficiency rating
  • How to obtain an EPC

1. What is an EPC?

The purpose of an Energy Performance Certificate is to assess and communicate a property's energy efficiency.
An EPC provides a rating from A to G indicating the home's energy performance - A is very efficient and G is very inefficient.
An EPC may be valid for up to 10 years although when used for marketing purposes must be up to date and show a correct energy rating for the property. The EPC contains a Recommendations Report, providing a list of ways in which a property's energy performance could be improved.
If you are letting or selling a property, an EPC is legally required as a stand-alone document.

2. Why EPCs were introduced

Buildings are responsible for around 40% of the UK's energy consumption and carbon emissions. EPCs have been introduced in a bid to reduce the energy consumption and carbon emissions caused by UK homes.
Energy Performance Certificates provide information on a property's energy efficiency and tips on how to improve it - the better the rating, the lower the running costs. This is good news for the tenant and could act as beneficial marketing tool for landlords when marketing their rental properties.

3. What an EPC tells you

The EPC shows the energy efficiency rating of the property.
  • The energy efficiency rating indicates the property's running costs.
  • The top actions you can take to save money and make the property more efficient.
An EPC also includes:
  • An estimated energy use report indicating the estimated costs for lighting, heating and hot water.
  • A summary of the home's parts which have an impact on the overall performance rating.
  • A recommendations report detailing the measures one could take to improve the energy performance of the property. This also identifies the approximate financial savings that could be made from making these changes.
  • Information on Green Deal. A government backed scheme to help owners improve the comfort and efficiency of the property.
4. EPCs – information for landlords

As a landlord you have a legal obligation to obtain an EPC for your property before it is marketed to tenants.
You should contact an EPC provider at least 14 days before you intend to market your property to avoid possible penalty charges.

5. How to improve a property's energy efficiency rating

The recommendations report included within the EPC lists the improvement measures which you can undertake to enhance the property's energy efficiency rating.
Tenants can also adapt the way they live in a property to help to reduce the amount of energy used. Turning down the heating thermostat, remembering to switch off lights, using low energy light bulbs and draught proofing will contribute towards saving energy.

6. How to obtain an EPC

Your Domestic Energy Assessors (DEA's) may be able to organise an EPC for you. The energy assessor must be a member of a government recognised accreditation scheme which ensures professional standards are maintained.
Following your request for an EPC, the energy assessor will inspect your property and collect information about it.
After the visit, the assessor will use specialised software to produce your EPC and recommendation report.

Luso Property Service Energy Domestic Energy Assessors can fulfil all of your EPC requirements quickly and in a cost-efficient manner. Book your residential EPC today.

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